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Navantia exporta material bélico a Venezuela para el Gobierno de Maduro según informaciones de wikileaks

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Diario Marítimo ; 13 Julio 2015 ; 5074 visitas
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B. STATE 196649
     C. STATE 194199
     D. ROME 2034
     E. ROME 2032
     F. ROME 1996
     G. ROME 1915

Classified By: Ecmin Tom Delare for reasons 1.4 (b) and (d)

1.  (U)  This is an action request.  Please see paragraph 9.

2.  (S)  In a December 21 meeting requested by Finmeccanica,
the major Italian defense and aerospace conglomerate, company
officials reviewed the status of their engagement with Iran
and Venezuela.  They noted that Finmeccanica is not pursuing
the sale of air traffic control systems to Iran and, in
regard to reports that Finmeccanica might have transferred
76mm naval guns to Iran, our contacts said the company has
not sold military equipment to Iran since 1979.  They
cautioned, however, that Navantia, an Oto Melara licensee,
might build and export 76mm guns to Venezuela without Oto
Melara's assistance.  The Finmeccanica reps restated company
policy of seeking USG approval before entering into contracts
in states of concern or in cases where the USG might object
for foreign policy reasons.  They also stressed that
Finmeccanica's policy has caused it to lose sales and be
subject to retaliation.  In recognition, Finmeccanica
requested that it receive "compensation" in the form of
favorable treatment when bidding on USG contracts.  End
summary.

Iran
----

3.  (S)  Camillo Pirozzi, Head of Finmeccanica's Public
Affairs and International Relations Office, and Simone
Bemporad, Finmeccanica Senior Vice President for Media
Relations and International Affairs, called upon EcMin
December 21 to review the status of company engagement with
Iran and Venezuela.  Pirozzi told Ecmin that following
discussions with the Department of State in Washington,
Finmeccanica decided not to pursue the sale of four air
traffic control (ATC) systems to Iran (Ref C). Bemporad added
that he understands French company Thales will fill the ATC
contract. Regarding other reports (Ref B) that Finmeccanica
might have transferred 76mm naval guns to Iran, Pirozzi said
Finmeccanica has not sold military equipment to Iran since
1979.

4.  (S) Bemporad told Ecmin the MFA contacted Finmeccanica
following a demarche (ref A) by Econ Counselor regarding the
alleged sale by Finmeccanica's Oto Melara subsidiary of 76mm
naval guns to Iran.  Given that no recent sales have been
made, Bemporad speculated the guns in question may have been
sold to the Iranians in the mid-1970's.  Citing
Finmeccanica's policy of cooperating with the USG on export
control matters, Bemporad emphasized the company's desire for
a "transparent" relationship with the USG and its willingness
to discuss any sales regarding which the USG has concerns.

Venezuela
---------

5.  (S) Bemporad reiterated Finmeccanica's decision (reported
ref E) not to sell 76mm naval guns to Venezuela.  However, he
said that other firms, including Navantia, a Spanish company,
and Swiss company Oerlikon are in competition to win the
contract for guns to be installed on patrol boats being built
by Navantia for the Venezuelan Navy.  Bemporad said that
Navantia holds a license from Oto Melara to build the 76mm
guns, and that Navantia can fill the order without assistance
from Oto Melara.  (Note.  This is contrary to ref A
assurances we received from GOI, that Navantia could not
manufacture the guns without assistance from Oto Melara.  End
note.)  He added that if Navantia wins the sub-contract for
the guns, Oto Melara will provide Navantia with gun
components if the GOI issues the needed export licenses.  As
reported earlier (ref A), it is stated GOI policy not to
approve exports that will give the GOV "new weapons" or "new
capabilities."

6.  (S) Bemporad said that Oerlikon is already selling its
"Millennium Gun" to Venezuela. He noted the Millennium Gun
has similar capabilities to the 76mm gun produced by Oto
Melara and Navantia, and that both the Oto Melara/Navantia
gun and Oerlikon's Millennium Gun have been proposed for use

in the U.S. Navy's Littoral Combat Ship.

The High Cost of Playing By The Rules
-------------------------------------

7.  (S) Bemporad and Pirozzi cited Finmeccanica's decisions
not to pursue the sales of ATC systems to Iran and the sale
of 76mm guns to Venezuela as examples of instances in which
the company's policy of consulting with the USG, going beyond
the requirements of Italian export control laws, has cost
Finmeccanica millions in revenues.  Bemporad and Pirozzi
estimated the lost ATC sales were worth 25 million euro (33
million dollars), while the sale of 76mm guns to Venezuela
was valued at 50 million euro (66 million dollars).  In
addition to lost revenues, Finmeccanica's decisions to forego
these sales have impeded its efforts to establish a presence
in South America and the Middle East.  Bemporad also alleged
the Iranian government has retaliated against other
Finmeccanica businesses in Iran, delaying payments and
creating bureaucratic obstacles for Finmeccanica sales of
power generation equipment in Iran.

8.  (S) Bemporad explained that Finmeccanica is willing to
forgo sales to which the USG objects because of the value of
the business that Finmeccanica has with the USG.  That said,
for individual Finmeccanica subsidiaries, the value of the
business being lost is considerable.  Bemporad and Pirozzi
estimated that the loss of ATC sales to Iran cost
Finmeccanica's Selex subsidiary ten percent of its annual
revenues.  Bemporad asked if there is a mechanism through
which Finmeccanica and its subsidiaries can be recognized for
their efforts to work with the USG on export control issues,
recognizing that Finmeccanica adheres to U.S. export control
laws even when they do not apply, as in the case of the ATC
sales to Iran.  Specifically, he asked if there is a way in
which Finmeccanica can receive "credit" for its cooperation
with the USG when it bids on USG contracts.  Ecmin agreed
that we do not want to see less scrupulous companies profit
from Finmeccanica's adherence to U.S. export control laws, as
Thales has allegedly done in Iran, and said he would pass
Bemporad's question regarding receiving credit for adhering
to U.S. export control laws on to Washington.

9.  (S)  Comment and action request.  Post requests
Washington guidance as to whether a mechanism exists through
which Finmeccanica's policy of consulting with the USG on
export control matters and adherence to U.S. export control
laws is recognized.  While Finmeccanica does not come to the
table with an unblemished track record (Ref D reports their
decision to sell TETRA radios to Iranian police forces, for
example) they do generally make a genuine effort to be
transparent with the USG and have declined to make exports,
even when legal under Italian law, when the USG objected.
End comment and action requested.
BORG

FINMECCANICA EXPORTS TO IRAN AND VENEZUELA: THE YEAR IN REVIEW

Date:

2006   December 22, 14:56 (Friday)

Canonical ID:

06ROME3360_a

Original   Classification:

SECRET,NOFORN

Current   Classification:

SECRET,NOFORN

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Handling   Restrictions

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Character   Count:

7133

Executive   Order:

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Locator:

TEXT   ONLINE

TAGS:

ETRD - Economic Affairs--Foreign Trade | ETTC - Trade and Technology Controls | FR - France | IR - Iran | IT - Italy | SP - Spain | SZ -   Switzerland |   VE -   Venezuela

Concepts:

-- Not   Assigned --

Enclosure:

-- Not   Assigned --

Type:

TE -   Telegram (cable)

Office Origin:

-- N/A or Blank --


 

Office Action:

-- N/A or Blank --

Archive   Status:

-- Not   Assigned --

From:

Italy Rome

Markings:

-- Not   Assigned --

To:

France   Paris | RUCNWSN THE WASSENAAR ARRANGEMENT COLLECTIVE | Secretary of State | Spain Madrid | Switzerland   Bern | Venezuela Caracas